The Chianti Classico PDO is reserved for the following typologies of wine: Red, Riserva and Gran Selezione.
The production area of Chianti Classico PDO is within the territory of numerous municipalities in the Provinces of Florence and Siena, in the Tuscany region.
Red (including Riserva and Gran Selezione): min. 80% - 100% Sangiovese (locally known as Sangioveto), pure or with the addition of grape berries similar in colour and originating from other grape varieties suitable for cultivation in the concerned area, max. 20%.
Description of product typologies
Chianti Classico PDO has a ruby-red colour, varying in intensity; it is fresh, rich and well-structured on the nose with floral hints; it is round on the palate with a dry, smooth flavour, and with aging it acquires floral and slightly spicy returns with good tannin. It can display Riserva or Gran Selezione on the label. Chianti Classico PDO can be made available for consumption from October 1st of the year following that in which the grapes were produced. Riserva and Gran Selezione wines can only be put on the market after they have undergone an aging period of at least 24 and 30 months respectively, with at least 3 months maturing in bottles. The maturation process may also take place outside the vinification area, as long as it is still within the production area and the bottles have already been labelled and sealed with the Italian State Mark. The aging period commences January 1st of the year following that in which the grapes were harvested. Chianti Classico Gran Selezione wine must be produced exclusively from the vineyards of the bottling company.
The Chianti Classico PDO designation can be followed by Vigna (Vineyard) with the relative toponym. The Chianti Classico PDO is mandatorily and exclusively distinguished by the “Gallo Nero” mark, strictly in conjunction with the Chianti Classico designation. This mark must be displayed on the bottle neck or the back label.