The Franciacorta PDO, obtained exclusively by secondary fermentation in the bottle, includes the following typologies of wine: Franciacorta, Franciacorta Satèn and Franciacorta Rosé, which when matured for longer periods of time may be specified as Millesimato (vintage) or Riserva . Depending on the sugar content, Franciacorta PDO wines can be distinguished as: Brut, Extra Brut, Extra Dry, Sec, Demi-sec. The Satèn typology is only produced as Brut.
The production area of Franciacorta PDO is within the territory of the municipalities of Paratico, Capriolo, Adro, Erbusco, Corte Franca, Iseo, Ome, Monticelli Brusati, Rodengo Saiano, Paderno Franciacorta, Passirano, Provaglio d’Iseo, Cellatica, Gussago and parts of the municipalities of Brescia, Cologne, Coccaglio, Rovato and Cazzago San Martino, all in the Province of Brescia, in the Lombardy region.
Franciacorta (including Riserva, Millesimato): Chardonnay and/or Pinot Nero, with the possible presence of Pinot Bianco, max. 50% and Erbamat, max. 10%. Franciacorta Rosé (including Riserva, Millesimato): max. 65% Chardonnay, min. 35% Pinot Nero, with the possible presence of Pinot Bianco, max. 50% and Erbamat, max. 10%. Franciacorta Satèn (including Riserva, Millesimato): min. 50% Chardonnay and max. 50% Pinot 50%.
Description of product typologies
Franciacorta PDO is straw-yellow in colour, tending towards varying degrees of golden with aging, and has a very light and consistent perlage; the nose offers floral and fruity fragrances, with notes of yeast, bread crust and citron ; it is sapid, fresh and complex on the palate, with delicate citrusy hints. Franciacorta PDO Rosé is pink in colour, varying in intensity and with a fine and intense perlage; the nose is ample and delicate, with notes of small red berries, typical of Pinot Nero, as well as the characteristics associated with secondary fermentation in bottles. Franciacorta PDO Satèn is straw yellow in colour, at times intense or with greenish highlights, and with a very fine, creamy and persistent perlage; it is delicate on the nose, yet decisive, with a fragrance of ripe fruit, delicate notes of white flowers and dried or roasted fruit; the palate is creamy, pleasantly sapid and fresh, harmonious and smooth. Franciacorta PDO Millesimato wines must be obtained using at least 85% grapes from the same year; they can be made available for consumption 37 months after the grape harvest. Franciacorta PDO Riserva is reserved for Millesimato wines that have rested on the lees for at least 60 months and they can be made available for consumption 67 months (five-and-a-half years) after the production of the grapes. The vinification, bottling, including secondary fermentation in the bottle, disgorgement and packaging processes must be carried out within the delimited production area.