The Chianti PDO is reserved exclusively for Red wine.
The production area of Chianti PDO is within the territory of numerous municipalities in the Provinces of Arezzo, Florence, Prato, Pisa, Pistoia and Siena, in the Tuscany region.
Red (including Superiore, Riserva): 70 -100% Sangiovese, pure or with the addition of grape berries similar in colour and originating from other grape varieties suitable for cultivation in the Tuscany region; white grape varieties, pure or combined, cannot exceed a maximum of 10%; Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon grape varieties, pure or combined, cannot exceed 15%.
Description of product typologies
Chianti PDO is intense ruby-red in colour, tending towards garnet with aging; red fruity fragrances alternate with sometimes robust earthiness on the nose, with slight hints of violet; it is fresh and slightly sapid on the palate, with good, yet not excessive structure, becoming smooth and velvety with time. It can display Superiore and Riserva on the label, the latter only if the wine has undergone a minimum aging period of 2 years, commencing January 1st of the year following that in which the grapes were produced. The vinification, aging, bottling and maturation processes must be carried out within the delimited production area. These operations may also take place within the entire administrative territory of the provinces of Arezzo, Florence, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena, as well as in the bordering provinces of Grosseto, Livorno and Lucca.
Geographical and sub-area specifications
The Chianti PDO can be accompanied by seven sub-geographical areas: Chianti PDO Colli Aretini produced in the Province of Arezzo; Chianti PDO Colli Fiorentini, Chianti PDO Montespertoli and Chianti PDO Rùfina produced in the Province of Florence; Chianti PDO Colli Senesi produced in the Province of Siena; Chianti PDO Colline Pisane produced in the Province of Pisa and Chianti PDO Montalbano produced in the Provinces of Pistoia and Florence. The characteristics of each of the seven sub-designation’s colour, fragrance and taste are those of Chianti PDO without a geographical specification. For the Chianti PDO Colline Senesi sub-designation, the composition is a minimum of 75% Sangiovese, alone or with addition of grapes from other varieties suitable for cultivation in the Tuscany region; the white grape varieties, either individually or combined, cannot exceed 10%; the Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon grape varieties, individually or combined, cannot exceed 10%. Geographical information added to the Chianti PDO designation is permitted exclusively on the labels of wines produced in the relative sub-areas and on the condition that the wine is produced from grapes that are harvested and vinified within the respective production areas. Chianti PDO Rùfina and Chianti PDO Colli Fiorentini wines can display Riserva on the label if they have undergone a minimum aging period of 2 years, 6 months of which must be in wooden barrels; for Chianti PDO Colli Senesi wine the period in wooden barrels must be of at least 8 months, to which 4 months maturing in bottles is added. The aging period for Riserva wines commences January 1st of the year following that in which the grapes were produced.
The Chianti PDO designation can be followed by Vigna (Vineyard) with the relative toponym if it is registered in the specific regional list. Chianti PDO can also be accompanied by added geographical information regarding municipalities, districts, areas or locations within the production area and from where the grapes used to produce the wine actually originate. For Chianti PDO wines, which due to their characteristics are made available for consumption before the end of the year following that of the harvest, that intend to use the “Governato” (Governed) specification, or similar authorized terms, it is mandatory that they are vinified with the traditional techniques of “governo all’uso Toscano” (Tuscan vinification technique).