The Vernaccia di San Gimignano PDO is reserved exclusively for White wine.
The production area of Vernaccia di San Gimignano PDO is within the hilly territory of the Municipality of San Gimignano in the Province of Siena, in the Tuscany region.
White (including Riserva): Vernaccia di San Gimignano, pure or with the addition of non-aromatic grape berries similar in colour and originating from other grape varieties suitable for cultivation in the concerned area, max. 15%; the Traminer, Muscat, Müller Thurgau, Malvasia di Candia, Malvasia Istriana and Incrocio Bruni 54 grape varieties may not be used. The Sauvignon and Riesling grape varieties can be present, individually or combined, at a maximum of 10%.
Description of product typologies
Vernaccia di San Gimignano PDO has a vivid straw-yellow colour, varying in intensity and with golden highlights that become more evident with aging; the nose is rich, revealing dense notes of wild apple, white flowers, almond, grapefruit and pineapple, which over time can evolve into mineral notes; it is dry, smooth and pleasantly acidulous on the palate, with a persistent finish offering hints of almond. It can display Riserva on the label if the wine has been aged for a minimum period of 11 months, commencing January 1st of the year following that in which the grapes were produced. Before being made available for consumption, Vernaccia di San Gimignano PDO Riserva wines must have been matured in bottles for three months. Grapes destined for the production of Vernaccia di San Gimignano PDO wines must have a minimum natural alcohol level of 10,5%; for Riserva wines the minimum natural alcohol level of the grapes is 12%.
The Vernaccia di San Gimignano PDO designation can be followed by Vigna (Vineyard) with the relative toponym.